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Logo descriptions by Matt Williams, Kris Starring, Spidey016, Shadeed A. Kelly, Nathan B., Logophile and LJK193 Logo captures by Eric S., V of Doom, mr3urious, TVLogos2008, naxo-ole, Dean Stewart Rumsey, 20thCenturyFoxLover2, Logoboy95, snelfu, Logophile, thehugetvfan, filmbaza.net, indycar, and RedheadXilamGuy Additional edits by Shadeed A. Kelly, Hoa, V of Doom, Logophile, MeesterFonnyboy, Nathan B., CuriousGeoge60, thehugetvfan, Vahan Nisanian, indycar, Muzzarino, lotsoflogos, KirbyGuy2001 (Logoblin), UniversalFlorida1990 and Unnepad Video captures courtesy of simblos, LogicSmash, Peakpasha, Jordan Rios, DaVinci030, Logo Archive, DudeThatLogo, retro VHS trailers, Other Files, Graham Gough and UltimateHDVideostify


Metro Pictures Corporation


(1915-1916?)


Background: Metro Pictures Corporation was founded in late 1915 by Richard A. Rowland (1880-1947) and Louis B. Mayer (1885-1957). The company started out distributing films made by Solax Studios but Mayer left soon after operations began to form his own company in 1918. Richard Rowland would continue to produce a number of films in New York City, Fort Lee, New Jersey, and in Los Angeles. In 1920, the company was purchased by Marcus Loew as a supplier of product for his theater chain.



Goldwyn Pictures Corporation

Background: Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was founded in 1916 by Samuel Goldfish (born Schmuel Gelbfisz) in partnership with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both surnames to create the name ("Selfish" was another option). Intrigued with the company's name, Goldfish had his name legally changed to "Samuel Goldwyn".


1st Logo (1916-1923)



Nicknames: "The Silent/Quiet Lion", "The First Lion"

Logo: We see the original lion, name unknown, nicknamed "Leo" by Samuel Goldwyn, in the circle of a ribbon-like filmstrips which has two filmstrips flowing out the bottom side, which looks like it's in twos. Underneath the circle is a Greek drama mask. A reef surrounds it. The circle has the phrase "ARS GRATIA ARTIS" [Latin for "Art for Art's Sake"] inscribed at the top, and at the bottom is a marquee that reads "A GOLDWYN PICTURE". On the left side is the word "TRADE", and the right "MARK". The lion moves his head left to right throughout and does not roar, because movies did not have sound until 1923, when the name was changed.

Trivia: The logo was designed by Howard Dietz, an advertising man and then-recent graduate of Columbia University, who would go on to hold many offices at MGM.

Variant:There was a sepia variant of the logo.

Closing Variant: Somewhere on the screen during the closing credits, we can see the small Goldwyn Pictures print logo, which consists of a lion statue resting on top of a pedestal reading "GOLDWYN PICTURES". We see a lion in a pedestal at the left-bottom of the screen, The film's chapter nameis writen at the center.

FX/SFX: The lion's head moving. Still in closing variants.

Music/Sounds: None. However, there was a fanfare that was used in one of the films.

Availability: One of the rarest logos ever, as many films by this company, Metro Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures were destroyed in the 1967 MGM vault fire. Can be seen on early Goldwyn Pictures movies, especially on Silent Sunday Nights on Turner Classic Movies.


2nd Logo (1921)


Nickname: "The Still Lion", "The Painted/Strange Lion"

Logo: A still painting of a lion (name of the lion unknown), and the film ribbon and drama mask can barely be seen. The words "TRADE" and "MARK" still appear on either side of the lion. The words "A Goldwyn Picture" appear above the lion in Old English font.

FX/SFX: None.

Music/Sounds: The film's opening fanfare.

Availability: Ultra rare. Only known to appear on What Happened to Rosa. Also appears early on in the 1993 documentary Ben-Hur: The Making of an Epic.


3rd Logo (1923-1924)


Nicknames: "The Silent/Quiet Lion II","The Slightly Roaring Lion"

Logo: The ribboning and the marquee look the same as the first one, but with a different lion. The logo begins with the lion (name unknown, possibly Slats?) staring to one side, then immediately skips after a second to the lion staring at the other side, then it skips to the lion looking down, turning his head, and looks at the camera. After that, he roars a bit. After a second, it skips to the lion looking directly at the camera.

Variant: There is also a sepia-toned version.

FX/SFX: The lion moving.

Music/Sounds: None.

Availability: Ultra rare. This, however, appeared on Wild Oranges. Retained on TCM's Silent Sunday Nights.


Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation


Background: Louis B. Mayer Pictures was a company formed in 1918 by Louis B. Mayer.

(1918-1924)


Logo: TBA

FX/SFX: TBA

Music/Sounds: TBA

Availability: Rare.


Metro-Goldwyn Pictures Corporation


Background: To supply films for his theatre chain, Marcus Loew bought out Metro Pictures and Goldwyn Pictures. However because of a need to oversee his Hollywood operations, he bought out Louis B. Mayer Pictures in 1924 to form MGM. Though in the early years, films start out as "Louis B. Mayer Presents. A Metro-Goldwyn Picture".


(1924-1928?)



Nicknames: "The Marquee", "The Lion Statue"

Logo: On a black background, there is a marquee with torches surrounding it, similar to the MGM print logo. A statue of a lion rests on top. On the first part is "A", on the middle is "Metro Goldwyn", and on the bottom is "PICTURE", looking slightly smudged out in the center.

Trivia: This logo was used during the MGM era from the 1920s-1950s, with the appropriate addendum.

Variant: The logo has been seen in Sepia.

FX/SFX: None.

Music/Sounds: The closing theme.

Availability: Very rare. It's occasionally seen on films aired on Silent Sunday Nights on TCM. It has been seen on Greed.


Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Inc.

Background: In 1924, Louis B. Mayer merged his company Louis B. Mayer Productions with Metro-Goldwyn Pictures Corporation to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc., or simply MGM. MGM was bought on April 8, 2005, by consortium led by Sony, Comcast, and other equity partners, MGM's ownership is as follows: Providence Equity Partners (29%), TPG Capital, L.P. (21%), Sony Corporation of America (20% including 45% of the total outstanding common stock of MGM Holdings), Comcast (20%), DLJ Merchant Banking Partners (7%), and Quadrangle Group (3%). On July 10, 1997, MGM decided to acquire MCA for $4.4 trillion for cash and stock. On November 2009, the consortium decided to put MGM up for sale due to financial troubles, with an initial string of bidders consisting of Time Warner, Qualia Capital, News Corporation, and Lions Gate Entertainment. A few months later, Qualia and News Corp. have dropped out of the bidding, while Len Blavatnik's Access Industries has joined the bidding. Lionsgate has dropped out of the bidding in March and Access in May, with Time Warner remaining as a top contender for MGM. Spyglass Entertainment were looking to buy MGM and lead it through bankruptcy. On November 3, 2010, MGM has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy with 80% of creditors agreeing to the Spyglass Entertainment plan. The deal was completed on December 20, 2010.


1st Logo (November 9, 1924-April 22, 1928)



Nicknames: "The Silent/Quiet Lion II", "Slats the Lion", "1st MGM Lion"

Logo: We have a new lion named "Slats" inside a newly redone film-like ribboning logo. Slats moves his head from right to left and then looks at the camera, and later looks around. The words "TRADE" and "MARK" are surrounding the circle containing Slats. Below the logo is a marquee that reads "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer". On top of the circle, the phrase "ARS GRATIA ARTIS" is inscribed.

Trivia: Slats was born at the Dublin Zoo on March 20, 1919 and was originally named "Cairbre." He died in 1936, and his hide is currently on display at the McPherson Museum in McPherson, Kansas.

Variant: Slats appears to move differently on every film in which he makes an appearance.

FX/SFX: Slats turning his head.

Music/Sounds: None or the music's intro.

Availability: So far, it has been spotted on He Who Gets Slapped, Confessions of a Queen, The Unholy Three (1925), The Circle, and Battling Butler, but other MGM films have Slats replaced by Jackie.


2nd Logo (September 1, 1928-October 13, 1953)



Nicknames: "Jackie the Lion", "1st Roaring Lion", "2nd MGM Lion"

Logo: A new MGM lion named "Jackie" appears in a slightly re-done film-like ribboning logo. Jackie roars three times and then looks at his trainer. The marquee "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer" is seen below, the Latin phrase is inscribed on the circle, and the words "TRADE" on the left and "MARK" on the right outside of the circle.

Trivia: Jackie died on February 26, 1952. He was nicknamed "Leo the Lucky" because he survived several accidents, including two train wrecks, an earthquake, and an explosion inside the studio.

Variants: Up until 1932, there was also an extended version where Jackie roared three times, then he looks away, then turns back to the camera and then fades out. This logo would also appear in sepia tone. 1949: Silver Anniversary. There is a fancy napkin which reads "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Silver Anniversary Picture". Jackie proceeds this. Seen on Scene of the Crime, The Doctor and the Girl, and Adam's Rib. In later colorized versions of the logo, the ribboning is in a brownish-gold color, the reef is green, and the mask is red. Also, the NRA (National Recovery Administration, a New Deal agency that existed between 1933 and 1935) logo appears on the left side, below the marquee. There's another color variant, like the previous mentioned logo, but with the marquee in red. There is a variant where there is copyright information around the logo. This was seen on the Our Gang shorts "Teacher's Pet", "School's Out", and "Love Business", as well as the Laurel & Hardy short "Another Fine Mess". This has appeared superimposed over scenes on trailers of 1930s films, such as Mutiny on the Bounty, Fury, and San Francisco. In the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo, this logo was edited to make Jackie roar once instead of three times for the CGI filmstrip animation.

Closing Variant: After the MGM merger, a variant of the Metro-Goldwyn Pictures closing logo, with the appropriate addendum, was used on the studio's end cards from 1924-1950s.

FX/SFX: Jackie roaring and turning his head.

Music/Sounds: Jackie roaring. The roar always varied. From 1929-1930, Jackie's actual roar was used. From 1930-1932, starting with the film Paid, a panther's roar was used. From 1932-1953, another roar was used, which would also be used for the 4th logo. For silent films, it's the music's intro only without Jackie roaring.

Music/Sounds Variants: Several early sound movies made in 1929-1930, like The Broadway Melody, The Single Standard, Hallelujah, Marianne, Untamed, It's a Great Life, Devil-May-Care, Not So Dumb, Anna Christie, Lord Byron of Broadway, A Lady to Love, Montana Moon, Free and Easy, The Divorcee, Redemption, The Big House, The Lady of Scandal, The Sins of the Children, The Unholy Three (1930), Our Blushing Brides, Call of the Flesh, Romance, Doughboys, Madam Satan, Those Three French Girls, War Nurse, Min and Bill, Passion Flower and New Moon, have this logo without the roar, even though the movies themselves have sound. In the early variants of the logo, at least three different roar variations were used, some more often than the others. In 1932, a new roar track that used the roar from the 4th logo. Used from this point on until 1956. In the 1930s, a light fanfare composed by LeRoy Shield played under Jackie's roaring, chiefly at the beginning of the Hal Roach Studios output. In the 1940s, there was a more majestic fanfare composed by Franz Waxman heard, with Jackie roaring on some films (such as A Day at the Races and The Philadelphia Story). None for the mid to later years, as some had the intro music from any film playing with Jackie roaring. The Super 8mm version of The Wizard of Oz used Leo the Lion's roar from the 1970s. In the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo, Jackie roars with Tanner's roar instead of his own roaring sound.

Availability: Common. Seen on films of the era such as The Wizard of Oz, and the 1930s The Captain and the Kids cartoons. The color variant was quite rare, as colorized versions are hardly ever revived on TV or video; it is seen on the colorized version of Babes in Toyland (1934). This logo may plaster Slats on current prints of old films. In later years of the century, the clips of this logo were recycled and applied as filmstrip images for the CGI filmstrip animation on the 1993-1998 MGM/UA Home Video logo. The last films to use this logo were The Affairs of Dobie Gillis, Big Leaguer, The Actress, and Main Street to Broadway.


3rd Logo (October 1, 1927-September 27, 1928)


Nicknames: "3rd MGM Lion", "The Unknown Lion

Logo: It's nearly the same as before, but the ribboning is slightly re-done and a different lion (name unknown) appears here. The usual MGM marquee is seen below. The ribboning is white, the reef is yellow, the mask is red, and the marquee is green.

FX/SFX: TBA

Music/Sounds: The only movies this is known to appear on were silent, so the logo either has silence or the movie's intro music.

Availability: This logo was used on early color silent films. It appeared on The Heart of General Robert E. Lee, which is currently being restored by the Library of Congress. It is also said to appear on a film entitled Buffalo Bill's Last Fight. The logo should be retained if either film is shown on TCM.


4th Logo (November 2, 1928-October 15, 1932)



Nicknames: "Telly the Lion", "4th MGM Lion", "2nd Roaring Lion"

Logo: Another lion named "Telly" appears in a new re-drawn film-like ribboning of the MGM logo. He is the first of the two two-strip Technicolor lions. Telly appears with a longer snarl with two roaring sound effects. The usual MGM marquee is seen below. Everything but the lion is in a green hue.

Variants: While the logo was made in color, there is also a black and white version on The Mysterious Island. The movie was originally shot in color, but only a black and white version survived.

FX/SFX: Telly snarling.

Music/Sounds: Jackie's roar. Some movies would only have the music's intro or the music and Telly's roar.

Music/Sounds/Variants: On Crazy House (1930), the logo has no sound.

Availability: Rare. Seen on live-action color films such as The Viking (1928), The Mysterious Island (1929), and Crazy House (1930), as well as color short films like Kiddie Revue (1930) and Over the Counter (1932).


5th Logo (1932-May 25, 1935)



Nickname: "Coffee the Lion", "5th MGM Lion", "3rd Roaring Lion"

Logo: Another two-strip Technicolor lion by the name of "Coffee" appears in a slightly re-drawn film-like ribboning and mask of the MGM logo. Coffee snarls by looking down and later roars. The Latin word is still shown inscribed on the circle. "TRADE" and "MARK" appear on different sides. The usual MGM marquee is seen below. The ribboning and reef is white, and the mask is red.

Variant: There is also a longer version of this logo, as well as B&W versions. Sometimes (due to film deterioration), the logo itself might be closer or further away than usually intended.

FX/SFX: The snarling and roaring. The extended version has extra snarling and a brief third roar.

Music/Sounds: Just Coffee's roar.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on several MGM's short subjects in color and animated cartoons of this era by Harman-Ising on TCM and The MGM Show on Boomerang. Also seen on films such as Roast Beef and Movies and Wild People.


6th Logo (September 18, 1934-December 3, 1953)


Nicknames: "Tanner the Lion", "The Angry Lion", "6th MGM Lion"

Logo: The next lion named "Tanner" appears in this MGM logo. The Latin phrase on the circle is red, the words "TRADE" and "MARK" are yellow, the red mask and the ribboning are re-drawn slightly with the color orange on certain parts on the filmstrip ribbons. The reef is yellow and on the MGM marquee, the letters "M", "G", and "M" are red, with the remainder of the letters in yellow. Tanner roars three times in this one.

Trivia: Aside from appearing in this logo, Tanner also appeared in the Three Stooges short "Hold That Lion!" (1947). His roar was also frequently used as a sound effect in MGM's cartoons at the time.

Variants: There is a longer version of this logo. Tanner would growl first, then roar three times, then Tanner would look at the camera while having his head leaning, and would growl again, and the final roar with a gasp-like sound and a growl at the end. On some early animated shorts, the logo has Coffee's roar track. On the first roar for Tanner, it's Coffee's second roar, followed by the third roar, and the final roar is Coffee's growl. 1949: MGM celebrates its silver anniversary. This is basically the same as the version seen on Jackie's, but it's in color and Tanner proceeds this. Seen on In the Good Old Summertime, Challenge to Lassie, and On the Town. This logo strangely appeared in black & white and with Jackie's roar due to a plastering error on a TCM Australia airing of The Hucksters. Current prints of said film have Jackie.

FX/SFX: Tanner roaring.

Music/Sounds: Some movies would feature Tanner's roar or Coffee's roar on animated features by MGM. Other live-action films would have the music's intro with Tanner roaring. For the long version, it's just Tanner roaring. During the filmstrip animation for the 2nd logo on the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo, Jackie roars once with this lion's roaring sound effect.

Availability: Common. Seen on all color live-action films such as Quo Vadis, short subjects, and animated features by MGM's "Golden Age", with the last films to use this being The Band Wagon, Latin Lovers, and Give a Girl a Break. The long version is seen on Star Night at the Cocoanut Grove, as well as the travelogues Holland in Tulip Time, Switzerland the Beautiful, Zion: Canyon of Color, Ireland: The Emerald Isle, and Los Angeles: Wonder City of the West. The former short can be found on the DVD release of The Gay Divorcee.


7th Logo (July 17, 1953-1956)



Nicknames: "Jackie the Lion II", "Tanner the Lion II"

Logo: This time, the MGM marquee has been dropped and the name "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer" has been placed on top of the logo, minus the hyphens (-) in between the names. Jackie appears on black & white films and Tanner on color films. Also a Registered trademark symbol is added underneath the left side of the filmstrip.

Variants: There is a short version of Jackie with the last two roars. For the Tanner version, there are two versions. One has the ribbons in silver and the other in gold. Two films, The Long, Long Trailer and Forever Darling, have Tanner with Jackie's roar. Another version appears with the gold ribbon Tanner with copyright info on either side.

FX/SFX: Jackie and Tanner roaring.

Music/Sounds: Same as the 2nd, 4th, and 6th logos.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on MGM films during this era, starting with the films Ride, Vaquero! and Torch Song. The version with Jackie first appeared on Half a Hero, released on September 4, 1953, and can also be seen on Blackboard Jungle, as well as The M-G-M Parade on TCM.


8th Logo (July 17, 1956-1958)



Nicknames: "George the Lion", "Brief Mane", "7th MGM Lion"

Logo: A new lion by the name of George appears in the studio's logo. The ribboning in the logo looks more stretched out than the earlier versions. The red mask below looks re-drawn and the reef looks more stretched out below. The color of the letters "M", "G", and "M" are still red, but look faded. A registered trademark symbol has been added. The first version has the lion looking at the camera, then turns away and starts roaring. Then he would later look back at the camera and roar again and snarl. The other would have the lion look at the camera first, then would roar while looking up and snarl at the end.

Variants: This logo would appear on either a blue or black background. There is also a black & white variant.

FX/SFX: The lion roaring and snarling.

Cheesy Factor: The logo background looks really low-budget; you can see some shade in the background.

Music/Sounds: Tanner's re-dubbed roar or Tanner's roar with the music's intro.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on MGM films during this era, starting with the film High Society


9th Logo (July 18, 1957-July 10, 1987)



Nicknames:"Leo the Lion", "8th MGM Lion"

Logo: A new lion appears, but his real name is Leo. However to the world, he's known as "Leo". The script "Metro Goldwyn Mayer" is in a new font. The reef and the mask is re-drawn once again, and the ribboning on the sides are stretched out even more. Leo roars at first, then turns his head to his right. He would roar again for the second time and look away, and would do the same thing on his third roar and would look away for the final time.

Trivia: Leo was born at the Royal Burgers' Zoo in Arnhem, Netherlands. The reason why his mane is shorter compared to all the other lions is because he was the youngest at the time when he was filmed.

Variants: There is also black & white variant. A still version exists. This was spotted on Ben-Hur. By the 1970s, the logo looks a little more enhanced. From 1983-February 21, 1986 and July 10, 1987, the marquee name was altered to read "MGM/UA Entertainment Co.", following their acquisition of United Artists in 1981. Also, on UA releases of the era, this logo preceded the United Artists on-screen text. Starting with the release of Dream Lover on February 28, 1986, it reverted back to the name "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer". However, the MGM/UA variant appeared on the 1987 film O.C. and Stiggs. The film was originally made in 1985 and was shelved for two years. On several home media releases from the 1980s, the logo (especially the MGM/UA Entertainment Co. version) has the sides cut off and is more zoomed in. This is due to the pan and scan nature of the releases. On DVD copies of Teen Wolf, the fade-in is cut-off and the logo starts at the first roar. Closing: At the end of every MGM/UA release, the movie's title would often appear above and below would say "DISTRIBUTED BY" or "FROM" with the MGM/UA Entertainment Co. or MGM Entertainment Co. print logo below. The Beastmaster only showed just the logo. FX/SFX: Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: Some movies would only have Leo's roar. Other movies would have the music's intro with the roar.

Music/Sounds Variants: Tanner's roar was used from 1957-1982. The sound used is Tanner's first roar. Though for the three-roar variant, the first roar is Tanner's second roar. 1957-1960: Leo roars three times. 1960-1987: Leo roars only twice. There are a few variations seen on some movies with the roar. Some have Tanner's first and second roar, while a few others have that reversed. Starting with the movie Poltergeist, released on June 4, 1982, there is a new roar track for Leo. Leo's roar track becomes a synthesized one, which sounded more polished in theaters featuring Dolby/THX sound systems. Leo's image is unchanged. Though movie trailers have the 1960 roar. Around 1985, the final part for the roar changes, ending with a growl (that appeared on Year of the Dragon, though a few films released like To Live and Die in L.A. and 9 1/2 Weeks used the 1982 track). This version would be used co-currently with the 1982 roar until around 1987-1988. Brainstorm has an edited 1982 roar. The first roar is the last roar repeated two times, and the last roar is the first roar. Reckless has the growls heard between the roars muted out. On the DVD of The Beastmaster, it uses the 1995 roar. Though the stereo 2.0 track keeps the 1982 roar. On the 1994 Laserdisc release of Poltergeist, the 1994 roar track is used.

Availability: Common. Lived for 30 years. Seen on such films like Jailhouse Rock, the first two Poltergeist films, A Christmas Story, Ben Hur, King of Kings, the 1980s James Bond films Octopussy and A View to a Kill, and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, among others. This logo even appears on several MGM shorts such as a few Gene Deitch Tom and Jerry shorts, among others. The logo is preserved on pre-May 9, 1986 films by MGM that are owned by Warner Bros. via Turner Entertainment Co. However, for releases from May 23, 1986-July 10, 1987 that still use the MGM/UA Entertainment Co. logo that's copyrighted by MGM Entertainment Co. (such as O.C. and Stiggs), the logo may be kept on or replaced with the 2001 logo on productions copyrighted to United Artists using the MGM/UA logo. Your best bet would be to check MGM/UA Home Video tapes. Also, the 1960-1982 version was plastered over with the 1983-1986 version on Two Weeks in Another Town on an international TCM airing. On the 1997 and 2000 WB DVDs of Network, the 1960 logo is plastered with the bylineless 1986 logo, but keeps the original roar track, as this was likely because they used the United Artists international print that MGM plastered the UA "T" with, but used the audio from the US version (2007 WB DVD restores the original logo). This also occurs on the region 2 DVD of Tarzan, the Ape Man (where the latter situation happened). The last movie to use this logo was Walk Like a Man.

Editor's Note: Out of all the MGM lions, Leo is the most famous.


10th Logo (December 21, 1966-October 13, 1968, 1977?-1981)



Nickname: "The Stylized Lion"

Logo: On a bluebackground, we see a yellow-orange outlined drawing of a unknown lion's head in a circle. Below it are the letters "MGM" in yellow-orange.

Variant: A rare variant as the background color teal-green, the lion drawning is now white, and "MGM" is smaller.

Trailer Variant: On trailers for the studio's films that were released by United Artists Pictures, this logo appears (in negative) above the 1976 United Artists logo. "An MGM Presentation" is next to this logo.

Trivia: This particular logo designed remained in use long after it was retired as an opening logo. This was used as the print logo for MGM until at least 1982. The lion graphic then became the logo for MGM Grand for many years, and later MGM Mirage. It is currently used for the logo of MGM Resorts International.

FX/SFX: The simple fade-in and fade-out of the logo.

Music/Sounds: None, but on 2001: A Space Odyssey, the film's opening theme plays over the logo.

Availability: Very rare. It was seen only on three films: The Subject Was Roses, which is intact on its Warner Archive DVD-R release, Grand Prix, which is plastered with the previous logo on the DVD release and most TV airings, and 2001: A Space Odyssey, which had the logo edited out on most TV prints, but is preserved on DVD and Blu-ray as well as some international TCM airings and the 2018 IMAX re-release. This logo remained intact on video covers from early MGM/CBS releases. The trailer variant can be seen on the trailers for films such as He Knows You're Alone and Fame, among others.


11th Logo (May 23, 1974-July 4, 1975)



Nicknames:"Leo the Lion II", "Golden Anniversary"

Logo: Same as the 8th logo, but at the top, "Metro Goldwyn Mayer", in the same font as the 1957 logo, is in yellowish-gold. Inside the circle is the phrase "BEGINNING OUR NEXT 50 YEARS...", with "B" a bit bigger and stretched vertically, also in yellowish-gold as Leo roars. There would be a cross fade between the phrase and Leo. Instead of "TRADE MARK" seen on the sides of the circle, "GOLDEN" is seen on the left and "ANNIVERSARY" is seen on the right in the same color. Leo would roar again two more times.

FX/SFX: The cross-fade and Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: Same as the 8th logo from 1957. As a closing logo, the closing theme with the 1960 roar track was used.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on films such as That's Entertainment!, Mr. Ricco, and North American prints of The Wind and the Lion. Makes a surprise appearance after the Sony Pictures Classics logo on the 2006 Sony Pictures Home Entertainment DVD of The Passenger.


12th Logo (July 20, 1984-January 18, 1985)



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion III", "Diamond Jubilee", "Gold Ribboning"

Logo: We have the 1957 MGM logo, but instead, the ribboning is in gold instead of white and will remain this way from this point forward. On top of the logo are the words "DIAMOND JUBILEE", arched in a white font. On the circle is inscribed "METRO GOLDWYN MAYER/UNITED ARTISTS" in red, instead of the usual Latin phrase. The mask is re-drawn once again, with the mouth inside the mask in white, and the reef surrounding the mask is not there. Below the mask is a ribboning banner that reads "ENTERTAINMENT CO." On the right side above the ribbon, there is a small trademark symbol "TM", and below the logo is the phrase "SIXTY YEARS OF GREAT ENTERTAINMENT" in white. Leo roars while there is a white spark on the letters "M", "E" and "J".

FX/SFX: Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: The 1982 lion roar.

Music/Sounds Variants: Several trailers use the 1960 MGM lion roar. Some trailers with this logo use the 1982 roar. Another variant has the 1960 and 1982 MGM lion roars combined. This is seen on 2010: The Year We Make Contact. On current prints of Red Dawn, the 1995 roar is used. On Garbo Talks, the warped version of the 1982 roar is used.

Availability: Rare. It's only seen on MGM releases of the era such as Red Dawn, 2010: The Year We Make Contact, Oxford Blues, Garbo Talks, Mrs. Soffel, Just the Way You Are, Electric Dreams, and That's Dancing!. All home video releases of Red Dawn have this logo intact; however, a few recent TV and streaming prints of said film replace it with the 2012 logo. Most other films from the era that use this (aside from the former two mentioned) may be intact or plastered with newer logos.


13th Logo (September 19, 1986-April 28, 2009)



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion IV", "Gold Ribboning II", "The King of the Plasters", "Classic Lion"

Logo: The logo is the same as the 1984 logo, minus the "ENTERTAINMENT CO." banner beneath the red mask. The company name is now golden colored, and will remain this way from this point forward. The mask appears in a darker red color. Leo roars twice as usual.

Variants: There are different variants through the years: June 24, 1987-1992: There is a byline that reads "An MGM/UA Communications company". The byline was used intermittently from 1990-1992, including the trailer for Once Upon a Crime (another version has the bylineless logo). September 19, 1986-1987, 1988, 1989-2001, 2008: The MGM/UA Communications byline isn't shown. Despite general use stopping around 2001, it made a surprise appearance on WarGames: The Dead Code. August 4, 1993-1998, 1999-2002: Same as above, but redone in CGI style with the coloring to the text and (R) symbol are in yellow and orange gradient coloring. Once the logo makes its way to its position and Leo roars the second time, the sparkles cover the text, symbol and the reef and then flashes to make them disappear. This version has been used as part of the animation in the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video opening logo after the roller-coaster filmstrip part with the 2nd logo on the filmstrip images. 1994: 70th Anniversary logo; "70th ANNIVERSARY" is used. On this logo, the logo is pushed up to the top. "ANNIVERSARY" in spaced-out letters, wipes itself on the bottom of the logo, then "70th" appears. Starting with this logo, the ribbons now appear in a darker golden-brown color. 1999: 75th Anniversary logo; "75, A LEGACY OF EXCELLENCE" is used. The MGM logo is once again moved up. When it begins "75" zooms back and rests. "A LEGACY OF EXCELLENCE" appears. The words shine. There is a version on The World Is Not Enough without animation, except for the lion roaring, of course. January 13, 2001-April 28, 2009: A "www.mgm.com" web address is added below the logo.

Closing Variants: There's a white outline MGM print logo that would have the movie title (mainly those by 007), and would have the word "FROM" (for MGM releases) or "DISTRIBUTED BY" (for UA releases) below the title above the logo. Below the logo would be a byline stating "An MGM/UA Communications company", then later "A Metro Goldwyn Mayer Communications company". Starting in the mid to late 90s, it would say "DISTRIBUTED BY MGM/UA DISTRIBUTION CO.", then later "DISTRIBUTED BY MGM DISTRIBUTION CO." Another closing wouldn't have the MGM print logo seen on the end of classic movies owned by MGM. They would carry a short version of the MGM logo. There is a short black & white version of the 1995 logo that's seen after any classic MGM-owned movie in black & white, such as those by United Artists and Samuel Goldwyn Productions.

FX/SFX: Leo roaring for the normal variant, The logo moving and letters appearing on the 70th anniversary logo, and the moving, zooming, and shining.

Music/Sounds: Leo's roar. 1986-1988: The 1982 roar. 1994-October 20, 1995 and 1997: The 1982 roar, with a more raspier sound. Sounds close to the 1995 roar, but not quite. December 22, 1995-: Starting with the release of Cutthroat Island, the 1982 lion track was remixed using digital audio technology which blended many roars together. A silent variant of the short version has been spotted.

Music/Sounds Variants: On current prints and the DVD of Solarbabies, the 1985 roar is used on the 2001 logo. This occurrence also happened on foreign prints of Year of the Dragon (which MGM inherited from PolyGram Filmed Entertainment along with other Dino De Laurentiis productions from the time period) and current prints of A Dry White Season and The Meteor Man. On the 2002 DVD of Walk Like a Man, it uses both the 1982 and 1995 roars combined. Recent prints of Yentl have the 2001 logo with the 1982 roar, probably because the opening theme was used with the roar (some prints have the 1982 and 1985 roars combined). This also happens on the 2006 UE DVD of Octopussy, and A View to a Kill, when you turn on the audio commentary. On the MGM Home Entertainment DVD release of Mr. Saturday Night, the theatrical trailer on the disc has the logo with the 1982 roar. On that trailer, it erases any Columbia references. On trailers and TV spots up to the late 80s-early 90s, the earliest being Running Scared (1986), the 1960 roar is used. On Rocky Marciano (a made for TV movie), the 1995 roar is used on the 1986 logo. On the 1997 MGM and 2000 WB DVDs of Network, the 1960 logo is plastered with the bylineless 1986 logo, but keeps the 1960 roar. However, the 2006 UK MGM DVD release of Network has the 2001 revision w/URL, but with the 1960 and 1985 roars combined. On Windtalkers and the 2007 "Family Fun Edition" DVD of The Pebble and the Penguin, the 1994 roar is used on the 2001 logo. At least one airing of an MGM movie in syndication has the 2001 logo with the 2008 roar track. The movie Bandits has a low-pitched 1995 roar on the 2001 logo.

Availability: Extremely common. In fact, it's probably the most common movie logo ever (with the possible exception of the Warner Bros "Shield of Staleness"). Seen on all MGM releases of this era. The MGM/UA Communications version was seen on the original VHS and Laserdisc releases of Spaceballs, Overboard, Poltergeist III, A Fish Called Wanda, Fetal Beauty, Captive Hearts, P.I. Private Investigations, and Levithan. The bylineless 1986 logo is seen on the original home video prints of titles such as Where the River Runs Black (the first movie to use the gold ribbons), Mindgames, Blue Steel, Quigley Down Under and Thelma and Louise. It is also seen on the MGM DVD and Olive Films Blu-Ray of Fatal Instinct, as well as the Scream Factory Blu-ray of The Vagrant. It also makes strange appearances on direct to video material such as An All Dogs Christmas Carol, The Secret of NIMH 2: Timmy to the Rescue, and strangely takes the place of the MGM Home Entertainment logo on VHS releases like the 1999 VHS of Black Caesar, the 1998 VHS of Napoleon, and Great Balls of Fire! The 1994 version is seen on Clean Slate, Blown Away, That's Entertainment III, and (surprisingly) the Live Entertainment VHS, Laserdisc, and DVD releases of Stargate from (the Artisan and Lionsgate Ultimate edition DVDs use the Artisan logo). The bylineless logo with the 1994 roar appeared on original prints of The Pebble and the Penguin, Fluke, Species, and Get Shorty, and makes a surprise appearance in full before the 2001 version at the end of current prints of the UA film Sleep with Me. The 1999 75th Anniversary version is seen on The Thomas Crown Affair and pre-2006 prints of The World is Not Enough, though the earlier and mid versions are usually replaced by the 2001 logo like on the Ultimate Edition DVD and Blu-ray release of the latter. Again, see the MGM/UA Home Video and MGM Home Entertainment tapes, along with some early DVDs from them. The silent version is seen at the end of network prints of Topkapi. This replaces the 1981 Columbia Pictures logo on releases of MGM owned Castle Rock/Nelson films such as When Harry Met Sally..., Lord of the Flies, Misery, and City Slickers. However, it doesn't appear on Red Dragon. This logo was used on trailers on post-2008 Sony/MGM releases up to Zookeeper, though it made its last theatrical appearance on Igor, released on September 19, 2008 and was finally ended on the TV movie Legally Blondes. Interestingly, the 1988 video release of Willow from RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video (now "Sony Pictures Home Entertainment") retains the bylineless logo with the 1982 roar. The 2001 variant appears at the start of some early Sony Blu-rays, in addition to some early Fox Blu-rays of catalog titles, including the Man with No Name Trilogy box set, and the 2013 German Tobis Home Entertainment Blu-ray of For a Few Dollars More. The 1995 version was seen (between the 2006 Lionsgate and in-credit Carolco logos) on the Blu-ray and Lionsgate YouTube copy of Cutthroat Island, while the original video releases omit it and go straight to then-credit Carolco logo. It can also be seen on the direct-to-video film Miss Spider's Sunny Patch Kids (though only on the American release, the Canadian release doesn't have a logo).

Editor's Note: Some people don't like the 2001 website variant of this logo, since it plasters so many older logos.


14th Logo (November 14, 2008-March 16, 2012)



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion V", "Metallic Ribboning", Modern Lion"

Logo: The text, ribbons, and mask, along with its reef, are now all in a lighter, more metallic-looking shade of gold. The web address below the lion now reads "MGM.COM". Leo roars twice.

Trivia: This logo was actually based off the print MGM logo that's seen on the MGM Home Entertainment/MGM DVD print logos as seen on VHS and DVD covers and other MGM merchandise. The gold mask seen on this logo looks similar to the one in the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo.

Variants: On the closing variant and in 2009 on cable broadcasts (otherwise the MGM Television logo), there is a bright gold logo. There is also a longer variant that is basically a 3-lion roar restoration, which was not seen on films at all. 2010-: A closing variant appears at the end of Hot Tub Time Machine, the words "DISTRIBUTED BY MGM DISTRIBUTION CO." appear in place of the URL. On a recent WGN airing of Mr. Mom, a slightly different font is used. Starting in 2011, the logo began appearing without the URL. It first appeared on The Cutting Edge: Fire and Ice in 2010. Then it made an appearance on a behind-the-scenes video of Zookeeper found on the MGM website. Then it was seen on the trailers for The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, 21 Jump Street and G.I. Joe: Retaliation. Oddly, the roar track is not used on the former two trailers, though it is heard on the latter. The logo made its first appearance on a theatrical release with The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo.

FX/SFX: Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: November 14, 2008-February 6, 2009: A new roar sound bite that also has elements of the 1995 MGM lion roar and is more powerful than its predecessor. This was also used on the trailers for Fame and Hot Tub Time Machine. June 12, 2009-March 16, 2012: The 1995 lion roar is used.

Music/Sounds Variants: On the current HD NET airing of Life Stinks, the 1985 roar is used with the 2009 logo. The roar track is muted on The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo.

Availability: Common. This logo is found Quantum of Solace, Valkyrie, The Pink Panther 2, The Taking of Pelham 123, Fame, Hot Tub Time Machine and Zookeeper. Also, some movies owned by MGM when aired on cable and Pay TV may plaster older logos with this. On the non-US version of Valkyrie, it proceeds the 1994 20th Century Fox logo. On TV broadcasts of various MGM movies, the MGM Television logo is at the end. The last movie to have this logo was 21 Jump Street.


15th Logo (August 8, 2012- )



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion VI", "Zooming Ribboning", "Metallic Ribboning II", "Animated Ribbon", "The Lion's Eye"

Logo: On a black background, we see flickers of light. The image pulls back to reveal that it is a pupil, a close-up of Leo's eye. We then see Leo, the ribboning, mask and the words "TRADE MARK" on both sides (from the previous logo, all in gold and metallic) ease back with the ribbons moving, as "Metro Goldwyn Mayer" appears shimmering and eases itself above the ribboning. The company name is darker and appears to have a "shining" effect applied to it. The mask is also different as well. Leo roars as this happens.

Trivia: The logo was designed by LA-based graphic design company Shine.

Variant: On the game 007 Legends and Skyfall, the logo is darker and appears more golden. The flickers of light at the beginning are not seen. At the end of Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, Carrie, Creed, and the 2016 remakes of Ben-Hur and The Magnificent Seven, the logo is still. A short version at the end of the films, such as Spectre and on the 2014 Blu-Ray of The Terminator, exists. On the ITunes print of Spaceballs( which features a new 4k remastered transfer), the logo starts later when the ribbons zoom out and Leo starts roaring. This oddity is most likely a sloppy attempt to plaster the 1987 variant of the 13th logo with the MGM/UA Communications byline.

FX/SFX: The camera zooming from Leo's eye, Leo roaring, the ribbons, and the studio name.

Music/Sounds: The 1995 roar is used, along with whooshes throughout the animation and the sound of a running film projector before the lion roars. The noise dies down after the first roar. There is also an extra growling sound added after the second roar.

Music Variants: On the Skyfall teaser trailer, there is a shortened version of the roar. The version seen on Shine's website has the standard 1995 roar without any additional sound effects. This audio variant is also present on the Itunes print of Mad Max (which features a new remastered 4k transfer sporting this and the 1970s AIP logo). The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug and 22 Jump Street have the opening theme to the film without the whooshes and projector sounds, just the roaring. Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters and Spectre have the opening theme of the movie with the whooshes and projector sounds and the roaring. G.I. Joe: Retaliation has the 2008 roar track. None for the still variant. A strange reverse plaster with the MGM/UA Home Video logo was found on a Portuguese dub of Exterminator 2. This can be seen here.

Availability: Common. The logo first appeared on the teaser trailer for the James Bond film Skyfall, and made its first appearance on Hope Springs (albeit in a shortened version). Appears on recent films such as Skyfall, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, and Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters, among others. This also makes an appearance (in full) on Everything or Nothing: The Untold Story of James Bond and the MGM 90th Anniversary trailer promo. Starting with the DVD and Blu-ray release of RoboCop (2014), this is used as a de-facto home video logo. The full version can currently be seen on Shine's website. This also appears before the Orion logo on the 2013 remastered Blu-ray releases of The Terminator and the original RoboCop, and before the UA Ovoid on the 2016 remastered Blu-ray release of the International Version of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.


Copyright Stamps: Here is some information about the copyright stamps on the MGM films: 1924-1938: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures (or Distributing) Corporation (with the MGM secondary logo at the center). To the left of the MGM secondary logo, the text "Controlled by LOEW'S INCORPORATED" appears. 1938-1960: Copyright © by Loew's, Incorporated. (MGM officially split from Loew's in 1959) 1960-1980, 1992-1996: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. 1981-1982: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Film Co. (MGM Studios and MGM Grand divisions were split into two companies on May 30, 1980) 1982-1986: Copyright © by MGM/UA Entertainment Co. (MGM merged with United Artists on July 28, 1981) 1986: Copyright © by MGM Entertainment Co. (MGM split from United Artists when Ted Turner purchased the studio and then sold the remnants of MGM/UA back to Kerkorian) 1987-present: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Inc. 1991-1992: Copyright © by MGM-Pathé Communications Co. (MGM was acquired by Pathé in 1990) 1996-present: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc. (current copyright claimant of United Artists films) Logo descriptions by Matt Williams, Kris Starring, Spidey016, Shadeed A. Kelly, Nathan B., Logophile and LJK193 Logo captures by Eric S., V of Doom, mr3urious, TVLogos2008, naxo-ole, Dean Stewart Rumsey, 20thCenturyFoxLover2, Logoboy95, snelfu, Logophile, thehugetvfan, filmbaza.net, indycar, and RedheadXilamGuy Additional edits by Shadeed A. Kelly, Hoa, V of Doom, Logophile, MeesterFonnyboy, Nathan B., CuriousGeoge60, thehugetvfan, Vahan Nisanian, indycar, Muzzarino, lotsoflogos, KirbyGuy2001 (Logoblin), UniversalFlorida1990 and Unnepad Video captures courtesy of simblos, LogicSmash, Peakpasha, Jordan Rios, DaVinci030, Logo Archive, DudeThatLogo, retro VHS trailers, Other Files, Graham Gough and UltimateHDVideostify


Metro Pictures Corporation


(1915-1916?)


Background: Metro Pictures Corporation was founded in late 1915 by Richard A. Rowland (1880-1947) and Louis B. Mayer (1885-1957). The company started out distributing films made by Solax Studios but Mayer left soon after operations began to form his own company in 1918. Richard Rowland would continue to produce a number of films in New York City, Fort Lee, New Jersey, and in Los Angeles. In 1920, the company was purchased by Marcus Loew as a supplier of product for his theater chain.



Goldwyn Pictures Corporation

Background: Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was founded in 1916 by Samuel Goldfish (born Schmuel Gelbfisz) in partnership with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn using an amalgamation of both surnames to create the name ("Selfish" was another option). Intrigued with the company's name, Goldfish had his name legally changed to "Samuel Goldwyn".


1st Logo (1916-1923)



Nicknames: "The Silent/Quiet Lion", "The First Lion"

Logo: We see the original lion, name unknown, nicknamed "Leo" by Samuel Goldwyn, in the circle of a ribbon-like filmstrips which has two filmstrips flowing out the bottom side, which looks like it's in twos. Underneath the circle is a Greek drama mask. A reef surrounds it. The circle has the phrase "ARS GRATIA ARTIS" [Latin for "Art for Art's Sake"] inscribed at the top, and at the bottom is a marquee that reads "A GOLDWYN PICTURE". On the left side is the word "TRADE", and the right "MARK". The lion moves his head left to right throughout and does not roar, because movies did not have sound until 1923, when the name was changed.

Trivia: The logo was designed by Howard Dietz, an advertising man and then-recent graduate of Columbia University, who would go on to hold many offices at MGM.

Variant:There was a sepia variant of the logo.

Closing Variant: Somewhere on the screen during the closing credits, we can see the small Goldwyn Pictures print logo, which consists of a lion statue resting on top of a pedestal reading "GOLDWYN PICTURES". We see a lion in a pedestal at the left-bottom of the screen, The film's chapter nameis writen at the center.

FX/SFX: The lion's head moving. Still in closing variants.

Music/Sounds: None. However, there was a fanfare that was used in one of the films.

Availability: One of the rarest logos ever, as many films by this company, Metro Pictures, and Louis B. Mayer Pictures were destroyed in the 1967 MGM vault fire. Can be seen on early Goldwyn Pictures movies, especially on Silent Sunday Nights on Turner Classic Movies.


2nd Logo (1921)


Nickname: "The Still Lion", "The Painted/Strange Lion"

Logo: A still painting of a lion (name of the lion unknown), and the film ribbon and drama mask can barely be seen. The words "TRADE" and "MARK" still appear on either side of the lion. The words "A Goldwyn Picture" appear above the lion in Old English font.

FX/SFX: None.

Music/Sounds: The film's opening fanfare.

Availability: Ultra rare. Only known to appear on What Happened to Rosa. Also appears early on in the 1993 documentary Ben-Hur: The Making of an Epic.


3rd Logo (1923-1924)


Nicknames: "The Silent/Quiet Lion II","The Slightly Roaring Lion"

Logo: The ribboning and the marquee look the same as the first one, but with a different lion. The logo begins with the lion (name unknown, possibly Slats?) staring to one side, then immediately skips after a second to the lion staring at the other side, then it skips to the lion looking down, turning his head, and looks at the camera. After that, he roars a bit. After a second, it skips to the lion looking directly at the camera.

Variant: There is also a sepia-toned version.

FX/SFX: The lion moving.

Music/Sounds: None.

Availability: Ultra rare. This, however, appeared on Wild Oranges. Retained on TCM's Silent Sunday Nights.


Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation


Background: Louis B. Mayer Pictures was a company formed in 1918 by Louis B. Mayer.

(1918-1924)


Logo: TBA

FX/SFX: TBA

Music/Sounds: TBA

Availability: Rare.


Metro-Goldwyn Pictures Corporation


Background: To supply films for his theatre chain, Marcus Loew bought out Metro Pictures and Goldwyn Pictures. However because of a need to oversee his Hollywood operations, he bought out Louis B. Mayer Pictures in 1924 to form MGM. Though in the early years, films start out as "Louis B. Mayer Presents. A Metro-Goldwyn Picture".


(1924-1928?)



Nicknames: "The Marquee", "The Lion Statue"

Logo: On a black background, there is a marquee with torches surrounding it, similar to the MGM print logo. A statue of a lion rests on top. On the first part is "A", on the middle is "Metro Goldwyn", and on the bottom is "PICTURE", looking slightly smudged out in the center.

Trivia: This logo was used during the MGM era from the 1920s-1950s, with the appropriate addendum.

Variant: The logo has been seen in Sepia.

FX/SFX: None.

Music/Sounds: The closing theme.

Availability: Very rare. It's occasionally seen on films aired on Silent Sunday Nights on TCM. It has been seen on Greed.


Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Inc.

Background: In 1924, Louis B. Mayer merged his company Louis B. Mayer Productions with Metro-Goldwyn Pictures Corporation to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc., or simply MGM. MGM was bought on April 8, 2005, by consortium led by Sony, Comcast, and other equity partners, MGM's ownership is as follows: Providence Equity Partners (29%), TPG Capital, L.P. (21%), Sony Corporation of America (20% including 45% of the total outstanding common stock of MGM Holdings), Comcast (20%), DLJ Merchant Banking Partners (7%), and Quadrangle Group (3%). On November 2009, the consortium decided to put MGM up for sale due to financial troubles, with an initial string of bidders consisting of Time Warner, Qualia Capital, News Corporation, and Lions Gate Entertainment. A few months later, Qualia and News Corp. have dropped out of the bidding, while Len Blavatnik's Access Industries has joined the bidding. Lionsgate has dropped out of the bidding in March and Access in May, with Time Warner remaining as a top contender for MGM. Spyglass Entertainment were looking to buy MGM and lead it through bankruptcy. On November 3, 2010, MGM has filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy with 80% of creditors agreeing to the Spyglass Entertainment plan. The deal was completed on December 20, 2010.


1st Logo (November 9, 1924-April 22, 1928)



Nicknames: "The Silent/Quiet Lion II", "Slats the Lion", "1st MGM Lion"

Logo: We have a new lion named "Slats" inside a newly redone film-like ribboning logo. Slats moves his head from right to left and then looks at the camera, and later looks around. The words "TRADE" and "MARK" are surrounding the circle containing Slats. Below the logo is a marquee that reads "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer". On top of the circle, the phrase "ARS GRATIA ARTIS" is inscribed.

Trivia: Slats was born at the Dublin Zoo on March 20, 1919 and was originally named "Cairbre." He died in 1936, and his hide is currently on display at the McPherson Museum in McPherson, Kansas.

Variant: Slats appears to move differently on every film in which he makes an appearance.

FX/SFX: Slats turning his head.

Music/Sounds: None or the music's intro.

Availability: So far, it has been spotted on He Who Gets Slapped, Confessions of a Queen, The Unholy Three (1925), The Circle, and Battling Butler, but other MGM films have Slats replaced by Jackie.


2nd Logo (September 1, 1928-October 13, 1953)



Nicknames: "Jackie the Lion", "1st Roaring Lion", "2nd MGM Lion"

Logo: A new MGM lion named "Jackie" appears in a slightly re-done film-like ribboning logo. Jackie roars three times and then looks at his trainer. The marquee "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer" is seen below, the Latin phrase is inscribed on the circle, and the words "TRADE" on the left and "MARK" on the right outside of the circle.

Trivia: Jackie died on February 26, 1952. He was nicknamed "Leo the Lucky" because he survived several accidents, including two train wrecks, an earthquake, and an explosion inside the studio.

Variants: Up until 1932, there was also an extended version where Jackie roared three times, then he looks away, then turns back to the camera and then fades out. This logo would also appear in sepia tone. 1949: Silver Anniversary. There is a fancy napkin which reads "A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Silver Anniversary Picture". Jackie proceeds this. Seen on Scene of the Crime, The Doctor and the Girl, and Adam's Rib. In later colorized versions of the logo, the ribboning is in a brownish-gold color, the reef is green, and the mask is red. Also, the NRA (National Recovery Administration, a New Deal agency that existed between 1933 and 1935) logo appears on the left side, below the marquee. There's another color variant, like the previous mentioned logo, but with the marquee in red. There is a variant where there is copyright information around the logo. This was seen on the Our Gang shorts "Teacher's Pet", "School's Out", and "Love Business", as well as the Laurel & Hardy short "Another Fine Mess". This has appeared superimposed over scenes on trailers of 1930s films, such as Mutiny on the Bounty, Fury, and San Francisco. In the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo, this logo was edited to make Jackie roar once instead of three times for the CGI filmstrip animation.

Closing Variant: After the MGM merger, a variant of the Metro-Goldwyn Pictures closing logo, with the appropriate addendum, was used on the studio's end cards from 1924-1950s.

FX/SFX: Jackie roaring and turning his head.

Music/Sounds: Jackie roaring. The roar always varied. From 1929-1930, Jackie's actual roar was used. From 1930-1932, starting with the film Paid, a panther's roar was used. From 1932-1953, another roar was used, which would also be used for the 4th logo. For silent films, it's the music's intro only without Jackie roaring.

Music/Sounds Variants: Several early sound movies made in 1929-1930, like The Broadway Melody, The Single Standard, Hallelujah, Marianne, Untamed, It's a Great Life, Devil-May-Care, Not So Dumb, Anna Christie, Lord Byron of Broadway, A Lady to Love, Montana Moon, Free and Easy, The Divorcee, Redemption, The Big House, The Lady of Scandal, The Sins of the Children, The Unholy Three (1930), Our Blushing Brides, Call of the Flesh, Romance, Doughboys, Madam Satan, Those Three French Girls, War Nurse, Min and Bill, Passion Flower and New Moon, have this logo without the roar, even though the movies themselves have sound. In the early variants of the logo, at least three different roar variations were used, some more often than the others. In 1932, a new roar track that used the roar from the 4th logo. Used from this point on until 1956. In the 1930s, a light fanfare composed by LeRoy Shield played under Jackie's roaring, chiefly at the beginning of the Hal Roach Studios output. In the 1940s, there was a more majestic fanfare composed by Franz Waxman heard, with Jackie roaring on some films (such as A Day at the Races and The Philadelphia Story). None for the mid to later years, as some had the intro music from any film playing with Jackie roaring. The Super 8mm version of The Wizard of Oz used Leo the Lion's roar from the 1970s. In the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo, Jackie roars with Tanner's roar instead of his own roaring sound.

Availability: Common. Seen on films of the era such as The Wizard of Oz, and the 1930s The Captain and the Kids cartoons. The color variant was quite rare, as colorized versions are hardly ever revived on TV or video; it is seen on the colorized version of Babes in Toyland (1934). This logo may plaster Slats on current prints of old films. In later years of the century, the clips of this logo were recycled and applied as filmstrip images for the CGI filmstrip animation on the 1993-1998 MGM/UA Home Video logo. The last films to use this logo were The Affairs of Dobie Gillis, Big Leaguer, The Actress, and Main Street to Broadway.


3rd Logo (October 1, 1927-September 27, 1928)


Nicknames: "3rd MGM Lion", "The Unknown Lion

Logo: It's nearly the same as before, but the ribboning is slightly re-done and a different lion (name unknown) appears here. The usual MGM marquee is seen below. The ribboning is white, the reef is yellow, the mask is red, and the marquee is green.

FX/SFX: TBA

Music/Sounds: The only movies this is known to appear on were silent, so the logo either has silence or the movie's intro music.

Availability: This logo was used on early color silent films. It appeared on The Heart of General Robert E. Lee, which is currently being restored by the Library of Congress. It is also said to appear on a film entitled Buffalo Bill's Last Fight. The logo should be retained if either film is shown on TCM.


4th Logo (November 2, 1928-October 15, 1932)



Nicknames: "Telly the Lion", "4th MGM Lion", "2nd Roaring Lion"

Logo: Another lion named "Telly" appears in a new re-drawn film-like ribboning of the MGM logo. He is the first of the two two-strip Technicolor lions. Telly appears with a longer snarl with two roaring sound effects. The usual MGM marquee is seen below. Everything but the lion is in a green hue.

Variants: While the logo was made in color, there is also a black and white version on The Mysterious Island. The movie was originally shot in color, but only a black and white version survived.

FX/SFX: Telly snarling.

Music/Sounds: Jackie's roar. Some movies would only have the music's intro or the music and Telly's roar.

Music/Sounds/Variants: On Crazy House (1930), the logo has no sound.

Availability: Rare. Seen on live-action color films such as The Viking (1928), The Mysterious Island (1929), and Crazy House (1930), as well as color short films like Kiddie Revue (1930) and Over the Counter (1932).


5th Logo (1932-May 25, 1935)



Nickname: "Coffee the Lion", "5th MGM Lion", "3rd Roaring Lion"

Logo: Another two-strip Technicolor lion by the name of "Coffee" appears in a slightly re-drawn film-like ribboning and mask of the MGM logo. Coffee snarls by looking down and later roars. The Latin word is still shown inscribed on the circle. "TRADE" and "MARK" appear on different sides. The usual MGM marquee is seen below. The ribboning and reef is white, and the mask is red.

Variant: There is also a longer version of this logo, as well as B&W versions. Sometimes (due to film deterioration), the logo itself might be closer or further away than usually intended.

FX/SFX: The snarling and roaring. The extended version has extra snarling and a brief third roar.

Music/Sounds: Just Coffee's roar.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on several MGM's short subjects in color and animated cartoons of this era by Harman-Ising on TCM and The MGM Show on Boomerang. Also seen on films such as Roast Beef and Movies and Wild People.


6th Logo (September 18, 1934-December 3, 1953)


Nicknames: "Tanner the Lion", "The Angry Lion", "6th MGM Lion"

Logo: The next lion named "Tanner" appears in this MGM logo. The Latin phrase on the circle is red, the words "TRADE" and "MARK" are yellow, the red mask and the ribboning are re-drawn slightly with the color orange on certain parts on the filmstrip ribbons. The reef is yellow and on the MGM marquee, the letters "M", "G", and "M" are red, with the remainder of the letters in yellow. Tanner roars three times in this one.

Trivia: Aside from appearing in this logo, Tanner also appeared in the Three Stooges short "Hold That Lion!" (1947). His roar was also frequently used as a sound effect in MGM's cartoons at the time.

Variants: There is a longer version of this logo. Tanner would growl first, then roar three times, then Tanner would look at the camera while having his head leaning, and would growl again, and the final roar with a gasp-like sound and a growl at the end. On some early animated shorts, the logo has Coffee's roar track. On the first roar for Tanner, it's Coffee's second roar, followed by the third roar, and the final roar is Coffee's growl. 1949: MGM celebrates its silver anniversary. This is basically the same as the version seen on Jackie's, but it's in color and Tanner proceeds this. Seen on In the Good Old Summertime, Challenge to Lassie, and On the Town. This logo strangely appeared in black & white and with Jackie's roar due to a plastering error on a TCM Australia airing of The Hucksters. Current prints of said film have Jackie.

FX/SFX: Tanner roaring.

Music/Sounds: Some movies would feature Tanner's roar or Coffee's roar on animated features by MGM. Other live-action films would have the music's intro with Tanner roaring. For the long version, it's just Tanner roaring. During the filmstrip animation for the 2nd logo on the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo, Jackie roars once with this lion's roaring sound effect.

Availability: Common. Seen on all color live-action films such as Quo Vadis, short subjects, and animated features by MGM's "Golden Age", with the last films to use this being The Band Wagon, Latin Lovers, and Give a Girl a Break. The long version is seen on Star Night at the Cocoanut Grove, as well as the travelogues Holland in Tulip Time, Switzerland the Beautiful, Zion: Canyon of Color, Ireland: The Emerald Isle, and Los Angeles: Wonder City of the West. The former short can be found on the DVD release of The Gay Divorcee.


7th Logo (July 17, 1953-1956)



Nicknames: "Jackie the Lion II", "Tanner the Lion II"

Logo: This time, the MGM marquee has been dropped and the name "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer" has been placed on top of the logo, minus the hyphens (-) in between the names. Jackie appears on black & white films and Tanner on color films. Also a Registered trademark symbol is added underneath the left side of the filmstrip.

Variants: There is a short version of Jackie with the last two roars. For the Tanner version, there are two versions. One has the ribbons in silver and the other in gold. Two films, The Long, Long Trailer and Forever Darling, have Tanner with Jackie's roar. Another version appears with the gold ribbon Tanner with copyright info on either side.

FX/SFX: Jackie and Tanner roaring.

Music/Sounds: Same as the 2nd, 4th, and 6th logos.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on MGM films during this era, starting with the films Ride, Vaquero! and Torch Song. The version with Jackie first appeared on Half a Hero, released on September 4, 1953, and can also be seen on Blackboard Jungle, as well as The M-G-M Parade on TCM.


8th Logo (July 17, 1956-1958)



Nicknames: "George the Lion", "Brief Mane", "7th MGM Lion"

Logo: A new lion by the name of George appears in the studio's logo. The ribboning in the logo looks more stretched out than the earlier versions. The red mask below looks re-drawn and the reef looks more stretched out below. The color of the letters "M", "G", and "M" are still red, but look faded. A registered trademark symbol has been added. The first version has the lion looking at the camera, then turns away and starts roaring. Then he would later look back at the camera and roar again and snarl. The other would have the lion look at the camera first, then would roar while looking up and snarl at the end.

Variants: This logo would appear on either a blue or black background. There is also a black & white variant.

FX/SFX: The lion roaring and snarling.

Cheesy Factor: The logo background looks really low-budget; you can see some shade in the background.

Music/Sounds: Tanner's re-dubbed roar or Tanner's roar with the music's intro.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on MGM films during this era, starting with the film High Society


9th Logo (July 18, 1957-July 10, 1987)



Nicknames:"Leo the Lion", "8th MGM Lion"

Logo: A new lion appears, but his real name is Leo. However to the world, he's known as "Leo". The script "Metro Goldwyn Mayer" is in a new font. The reef and the mask is re-drawn once again, and the ribboning on the sides are stretched out even more. Leo roars at first, then turns his head to his right. He would roar again for the second time and look away, and would do the same thing on his third roar and would look away for the final time.

Trivia: Leo was born at the Royal Burgers' Zoo in Arnhem, Netherlands. The reason why his mane is shorter compared to all the other lions is because he was the youngest at the time when he was filmed.

Variants: There is also black & white variant. A still version exists. This was spotted on Ben-Hur. By the 1970s, the logo looks a little more enhanced. From 1983-February 21, 1986 and July 10, 1987, the marquee name was altered to read "MGM/UA Entertainment Co.", following their acquisition of United Artists in 1981. Also, on UA releases of the era, this logo preceded the United Artists on-screen text. Starting with the release of Dream Lover on February 28, 1986, it reverted back to the name "Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer". However, the MGM/UA variant appeared on the 1987 film O.C. and Stiggs. The film was originally made in 1985 and was shelved for two years. On several home media releases from the 1980s, the logo (especially the MGM/UA Entertainment Co. version) has the sides cut off and is more zoomed in. This is due to the pan and scan nature of the releases. On DVD copies of Teen Wolf, the fade-in is cut-off and the logo starts at the first roar. Closing: At the end of every MGM/UA release, the movie's title would often appear above and below would say "DISTRIBUTED BY" or "FROM" with the MGM/UA Entertainment Co. or MGM Entertainment Co. print logo below. The Beastmaster only showed just the logo. FX/SFX: Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: Some movies would only have Leo's roar. Other movies would have the music's intro with the roar.

Music/Sounds Variants: Tanner's roar was used from 1957-1982. The sound used is Tanner's first roar. Though for the three-roar variant, the first roar is Tanner's second roar. 1957-1960: Leo roars three times. 1960-1987: Leo roars only twice. There are a few variations seen on some movies with the roar. Some have Tanner's first and second roar, while a few others have that reversed. Starting with the movie Poltergeist, released on June 4, 1982, there is a new roar track for Leo. Leo's roar track becomes a synthesized one, which sounded more polished in theaters featuring Dolby/THX sound systems. Leo's image is unchanged. Though movie trailers have the 1960 roar. Around 1985, the final part for the roar changes, ending with a growl (that appeared on Year of the Dragon, though a few films released like To Live and Die in L.A. and 9 1/2 Weeks used the 1982 track). This version would be used co-currently with the 1982 roar until around 1987-1988. Brainstorm has an edited 1982 roar. The first roar is the last roar repeated two times, and the last roar is the first roar. Reckless has the growls heard between the roars muted out. On the DVD of The Beastmaster, it uses the 1995 roar. Though the stereo 2.0 track keeps the 1982 roar. On the 1994 Laserdisc release of Poltergeist, the 1994 roar track is used.

Availability: Common. Lived for 30 years. Seen on such films like Jailhouse Rock, the first two Poltergeist films, A Christmas Story, Ben Hur, King of Kings, the 1980s James Bond films Octopussy and A View to a Kill, and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, among others. This logo even appears on several MGM shorts such as a few Gene Deitch Tom and Jerry shorts, among others. The logo is preserved on pre-May 9, 1986 films by MGM that are owned by Warner Bros. via Turner Entertainment Co. However, for releases from May 23, 1986-July 10, 1987 that still use the MGM/UA Entertainment Co. logo that's copyrighted by MGM Entertainment Co. (such as O.C. and Stiggs), the logo may be kept on or replaced with the 2001 logo on productions copyrighted to United Artists using the MGM/UA logo. Your best bet would be to check MGM/UA Home Video tapes. Also, the 1960-1982 version was plastered over with the 1983-1986 version on Two Weeks in Another Town on an international TCM airing. On the 1997 and 2000 WB DVDs of Network, the 1960 logo is plastered with the bylineless 1986 logo, but keeps the original roar track, as this was likely because they used the United Artists international print that MGM plastered the UA "T" with, but used the audio from the US version (2007 WB DVD restores the original logo). This also occurs on the region 2 DVD of Tarzan, the Ape Man (where the latter situation happened). The last movie to use this logo was Walk Like a Man.

Editor's Note: Out of all the MGM lions, Leo is the most famous.


10th Logo (December 21, 1966-October 13, 1968, 1977?-1981)



Nickname: "The Stylized Lion"

Logo: On a bluebackground, we see a yellow-orange outlined drawing of a unknown lion's head in a circle. Below it are the letters "MGM" in yellow-orange.

Variant: A rare variant as the background color teal-green, the lion drawning is now white, and "MGM" is smaller.

Trailer Variant: On trailers for the studio's films that were released by United Artists Pictures, this logo appears (in negative) above the 1976 United Artists logo. "An MGM Presentation" is next to this logo.

Trivia: This particular logo designed remained in use long after it was retired as an opening logo. This was used as the print logo for MGM until at least 1982. The lion graphic then became the logo for MGM Grand for many years, and later MGM Mirage. It is currently used for the logo of MGM Resorts International.

FX/SFX: The simple fade-in and fade-out of the logo.

Music/Sounds: None, but on 2001: A Space Odyssey, the film's opening theme plays over the logo.

Availability: Very rare. It was seen only on three films: The Subject Was Roses, which is intact on its Warner Archive DVD-R release, Grand Prix, which is plastered with the previous logo on the DVD release and most TV airings, and 2001: A Space Odyssey, which had the logo edited out on most TV prints, but is preserved on DVD and Blu-ray as well as some international TCM airings and the 2018 IMAX re-release. This logo remained intact on video covers from early MGM/CBS releases. The trailer variant can be seen on the trailers for films such as He Knows You're Alone and Fame, among others.


11th Logo (May 23, 1974-July 4, 1975)



Nicknames:"Leo the Lion II", "Golden Anniversary"

Logo: Same as the 8th logo, but at the top, "Metro Goldwyn Mayer", in the same font as the 1957 logo, is in yellowish-gold. Inside the circle is the phrase "BEGINNING OUR NEXT 50 YEARS...", with "B" a bit bigger and stretched vertically, also in yellowish-gold as Leo roars. There would be a cross fade between the phrase and Leo. Instead of "TRADE MARK" seen on the sides of the circle, "GOLDEN" is seen on the left and "ANNIVERSARY" is seen on the right in the same color. Leo would roar again two more times.

FX/SFX: The cross-fade and Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: Same as the 8th logo from 1957. As a closing logo, the closing theme with the 1960 roar track was used.

Availability: Uncommon. Seen on films such as That's Entertainment!, Mr. Ricco, and North American prints of The Wind and the Lion. Makes a surprise appearance after the Sony Pictures Classics logo on the 2006 Sony Pictures Home Entertainment DVD of The Passenger.


12th Logo (July 20, 1984-January 18, 1985)



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion III", "Diamond Jubilee", "Gold Ribboning"

Logo: We have the 1957 MGM logo, but instead, the ribboning is in gold instead of white and will remain this way from this point forward. On top of the logo are the words "DIAMOND JUBILEE", arched in a white font. On the circle is inscribed "METRO GOLDWYN MAYER/UNITED ARTISTS" in red, instead of the usual Latin phrase. The mask is re-drawn once again, with the mouth inside the mask in white, and the reef surrounding the mask is not there. Below the mask is a ribboning banner that reads "ENTERTAINMENT CO." On the right side above the ribbon, there is a small trademark symbol "TM", and below the logo is the phrase "SIXTY YEARS OF GREAT ENTERTAINMENT" in white. Leo roars while there is a white spark on the letters "M", "E" and "J".

FX/SFX: Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: The 1982 lion roar.

Music/Sounds Variants: Several trailers use the 1960 MGM lion roar. Some trailers with this logo use the 1982 roar. Another variant has the 1960 and 1982 MGM lion roars combined. This is seen on 2010: The Year We Make Contact. On current prints of Red Dawn, the 1995 roar is used. On Garbo Talks, the warped version of the 1982 roar is used.

Availability: Rare. It's only seen on MGM releases of the era such as Red Dawn, 2010: The Year We Make Contact, Oxford Blues, Garbo Talks, Mrs. Soffel, Just the Way You Are, Electric Dreams, and That's Dancing!. All home video releases of Red Dawn have this logo intact; however, a few recent TV and streaming prints of said film replace it with the 2012 logo. Most other films from the era that use this (aside from the former two mentioned) may be intact or plastered with newer logos.


13th Logo (September 19, 1986-April 28, 2009)



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion IV", "Gold Ribboning II", "The King of the Plasters", "Classic Lion"

Logo: The logo is the same as the 1984 logo, minus the "ENTERTAINMENT CO." banner beneath the red mask. The company name is now golden colored, and will remain this way from this point forward. The mask appears in a darker red color. Leo roars twice as usual.

Variants: There are different variants through the years: June 24, 1987-1992: There is a byline that reads "An MGM/UA Communications company". The byline was used intermittently from 1990-1992, including the trailer for Once Upon a Crime (another version has the bylineless logo). September 19, 1986-1987, 1988, 1989-2001, 2008: The MGM/UA Communications byline isn't shown. Despite general use stopping around 2001, it made a surprise appearance on WarGames: The Dead Code. August 4, 1993-1998, 1999-2002: Same as above, but redone in CGI style with the coloring to the text and (R) symbol are in yellow and orange gradient coloring. Once the logo makes its way to its position and Leo roars the second time, the sparkles cover the text, symbol and the reef and then flashes to make them disappear. This version has been used as part of the animation in the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video opening logo after the roller-coaster filmstrip part with the 2nd logo on the filmstrip images. 1994: 70th Anniversary logo; "70th ANNIVERSARY" is used. On this logo, the logo is pushed up to the top. "ANNIVERSARY" in spaced-out letters, wipes itself on the bottom of the logo, then "70th" appears. Starting with this logo, the ribbons now appear in a darker golden-brown color. 1999: 75th Anniversary logo; "75, A LEGACY OF EXCELLENCE" is used. The MGM logo is once again moved up. When it begins "75" zooms back and rests. "A LEGACY OF EXCELLENCE" appears. The words shine. There is a version on The World Is Not Enough without animation, except for the lion roaring, of course. January 13, 2001-April 28, 2009: A "www.mgm.com" web address is added below the logo.

Closing Variants: There's a white outline MGM print logo that would have the movie title (mainly those by 007), and would have the word "FROM" (for MGM releases) or "DISTRIBUTED BY" (for UA releases) below the title above the logo. Below the logo would be a byline stating "An MGM/UA Communications company", then later "A Metro Goldwyn Mayer Communications company". Starting in the mid to late 90s, it would say "DISTRIBUTED BY MGM/UA DISTRIBUTION CO.", then later "DISTRIBUTED BY MGM DISTRIBUTION CO." Another closing wouldn't have the MGM print logo seen on the end of classic movies owned by MGM. They would carry a short version of the MGM logo. There is a short black & white version of the 1995 logo that's seen after any classic MGM-owned movie in black & white, such as those by United Artists and Samuel Goldwyn Productions.

FX/SFX: Leo roaring for the normal variant, The logo moving and letters appearing on the 70th anniversary logo, and the moving, zooming, and shining.

Music/Sounds: Leo's roar. 1986-1988: The 1982 roar. 1994-October 20, 1995 and 1997: The 1982 roar, with a more raspier sound. Sounds close to the 1995 roar, but not quite. December 22, 1995-: Starting with the release of Cutthroat Island, the 1982 lion track was remixed using digital audio technology which blended many roars together. A silent variant of the short version has been spotted.

Music/Sounds Variants: On current prints and the DVD of Solarbabies, the 1985 roar is used on the 2001 logo. This occurrence also happened on foreign prints of Year of the Dragon (which MGM inherited from PolyGram Filmed Entertainment along with other Dino De Laurentiis productions from the time period) and current prints of A Dry White Season and The Meteor Man. On the 2002 DVD of Walk Like a Man, it uses both the 1982 and 1995 roars combined. Recent prints of Yentl have the 2001 logo with the 1982 roar, probably because the opening theme was used with the roar (some prints have the 1982 and 1985 roars combined). This also happens on the 2006 UE DVD of Octopussy, and A View to a Kill, when you turn on the audio commentary. On the MGM Home Entertainment DVD release of Mr. Saturday Night, the theatrical trailer on the disc has the logo with the 1982 roar. On that trailer, it erases any Columbia references. On trailers and TV spots up to the late 80s-early 90s, the earliest being Running Scared (1986), the 1960 roar is used. On Rocky Marciano (a made for TV movie), the 1995 roar is used on the 1986 logo. On the 1997 MGM and 2000 WB DVDs of Network, the 1960 logo is plastered with the bylineless 1986 logo, but keeps the 1960 roar. However, the 2006 UK MGM DVD release of Network has the 2001 revision w/URL, but with the 1960 and 1985 roars combined. On Windtalkers and the 2007 "Family Fun Edition" DVD of The Pebble and the Penguin, the 1994 roar is used on the 2001 logo. At least one airing of an MGM movie in syndication has the 2001 logo with the 2008 roar track. The movie Bandits has a low-pitched 1995 roar on the 2001 logo.

Availability: Extremely common. In fact, it's probably the most common movie logo ever (with the possible exception of the Warner Bros "Shield of Staleness"). Seen on all MGM releases of this era. The MGM/UA Communications version was seen on the original VHS and Laserdisc releases of Spaceballs, Overboard, Poltergeist III, A Fish Called Wanda, Fetal Beauty, Captive Hearts, P.I. Private Investigations, and Levithan. The bylineless 1986 logo is seen on the original home video prints of titles such as Where the River Runs Black (the first movie to use the gold ribbons), Mindgames, Blue Steel, Quigley Down Under and Thelma and Louise. It is also seen on the MGM DVD and Olive Films Blu-Ray of Fatal Instinct, as well as the Scream Factory Blu-ray of The Vagrant. It also makes strange appearances on direct to video material such as An All Dogs Christmas Carol, The Secret of NIMH 2: Timmy to the Rescue, and strangely takes the place of the MGM Home Entertainment logo on VHS releases like the 1999 VHS of Black Caesar, the 1998 VHS of Napoleon, and Great Balls of Fire! The 1994 version is seen on Clean Slate, Blown Away, That's Entertainment III, and (surprisingly) the Live Entertainment VHS, Laserdisc, and DVD releases of Stargate from (the Artisan and Lionsgate Ultimate edition DVDs use the Artisan logo). The bylineless logo with the 1994 roar appeared on original prints of The Pebble and the Penguin, Fluke, Species, and Get Shorty, and makes a surprise appearance in full before the 2001 version at the end of current prints of the UA film Sleep with Me. The 1999 75th Anniversary version is seen on The Thomas Crown Affair and pre-2006 prints of The World is Not Enough, though the earlier and mid versions are usually replaced by the 2001 logo like on the Ultimate Edition DVD and Blu-ray release of the latter. Again, see the MGM/UA Home Video and MGM Home Entertainment tapes, along with some early DVDs from them. The silent version is seen at the end of network prints of Topkapi. This replaces the 1981 Columbia Pictures logo on releases of MGM owned Castle Rock/Nelson films such as When Harry Met Sally..., Lord of the Flies, Misery, and City Slickers. However, it doesn't appear on Red Dragon. This logo was used on trailers on post-2008 Sony/MGM releases up to Zookeeper, though it made its last theatrical appearance on Igor, released on September 19, 2008 and was finally ended on the TV movie Legally Blondes. Interestingly, the 1988 video release of Willow from RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video (now "Sony Pictures Home Entertainment") retains the bylineless logo with the 1982 roar. The 2001 variant appears at the start of some early Sony Blu-rays, in addition to some early Fox Blu-rays of catalog titles, including the Man with No Name Trilogy box set, and the 2013 German Tobis Home Entertainment Blu-ray of For a Few Dollars More. The 1995 version was seen (between the 2006 Lionsgate and in-credit Carolco logos) on the Blu-ray and Lionsgate YouTube copy of Cutthroat Island, while the original video releases omit it and go straight to then-credit Carolco logo. It can also be seen on the direct-to-video film Miss Spider's Sunny Patch Kids (though only on the American release, the Canadian release doesn't have a logo).

Editor's Note: Some people don't like the 2001 website variant of this logo, since it plasters so many older logos.


14th Logo (November 14, 2008-March 16, 2012)



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion V", "Metallic Ribboning", Modern Lion"

Logo: The text, ribbons, and mask, along with its reef, are now all in a lighter, more metallic-looking shade of gold. The web address below the lion now reads "MGM.COM". Leo roars twice.

Trivia: This logo was actually based off the print MGM logo that's seen on the MGM Home Entertainment/MGM DVD print logos as seen on VHS and DVD covers and other MGM merchandise. The gold mask seen on this logo looks similar to the one in the 1993 MGM/UA Home Video logo.

Variants: On the closing variant and in 2009 on cable broadcasts (otherwise the MGM Television logo), there is a bright gold logo. There is also a longer variant that is basically a 3-lion roar restoration, which was not seen on films at all. 2010-: A closing variant appears at the end of Hot Tub Time Machine, the words "DISTRIBUTED BY MGM DISTRIBUTION CO." appear in place of the URL. On a recent WGN airing of Mr. Mom, a slightly different font is used. Starting in 2011, the logo began appearing without the URL. It first appeared on The Cutting Edge: Fire and Ice in 2010. Then it made an appearance on a behind-the-scenes video of Zookeeper found on the MGM website. Then it was seen on the trailers for The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, 21 Jump Street and G.I. Joe: Retaliation. Oddly, the roar track is not used on the former two trailers, though it is heard on the latter. The logo made its first appearance on a theatrical release with The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo.

FX/SFX: Leo roaring.

Music/Sounds: November 14, 2008-February 6, 2009: A new roar sound bite that also has elements of the 1995 MGM lion roar and is more powerful than its predecessor. This was also used on the trailers for Fame and Hot Tub Time Machine. June 12, 2009-March 16, 2012: The 1995 lion roar is used.

Music/Sounds Variants: On the current HD NET airing of Life Stinks, the 1985 roar is used with the 2009 logo. The roar track is muted on The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo.

Availability: Common. This logo is found Quantum of Solace, Valkyrie, The Pink Panther 2, The Taking of Pelham 123, Fame, Hot Tub Time Machine and Zookeeper. Also, some movies owned by MGM when aired on cable and Pay TV may plaster older logos with this. On the non-US version of Valkyrie, it proceeds the 1994 20th Century Fox logo. On TV broadcasts of various MGM movies, the MGM Television logo is at the end. The last movie to have this logo was 21 Jump Street.


15th Logo (August 8, 2012- )



Nicknames: "Leo the Lion VI", "Zooming Ribboning", "Metallic Ribboning II", "Animated Ribbon", "The Lion's Eye"

Logo: On a black background, we see flickers of light. The image pulls back to reveal that it is a pupil, a close-up of Leo's eye. We then see Leo, the ribboning, mask and the words "TRADE MARK" on both sides (from the previous logo, all in gold and metallic) ease back with the ribbons moving, as "Metro Goldwyn Mayer" appears shimmering and eases itself above the ribboning. The company name is darker and appears to have a "shining" effect applied to it. The mask is also different as well. Leo roars as this happens.

Trivia: The logo was designed by LA-based graphic design company Shine.

Variant: On the game 007 Legends and Skyfall, the logo is darker and appears more golden. The flickers of light at the beginning are not seen. At the end of Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, Carrie, Creed, and the 2016 remakes of Ben-Hur and The Magnificent Seven, the logo is still. A short version at the end of the films, such as Spectre and on the 2014 Blu-Ray of The Terminator, exists. On the ITunes print of Spaceballs( which features a new 4k remastered transfer), the logo starts later when the ribbons zoom out and Leo starts roaring. This oddity is most likely a sloppy attempt to plaster the 1987 variant of the 13th logo with the MGM/UA Communications byline.

FX/SFX: The camera zooming from Leo's eye, Leo roaring, the ribbons, and the studio name.

Music/Sounds: The 1995 roar is used, along with whooshes throughout the animation and the sound of a running film projector before the lion roars. The noise dies down after the first roar. There is also an extra growling sound added after the second roar.

Music Variants: On the Skyfall teaser trailer, there is a shortened version of the roar. The version seen on Shine's website has the standard 1995 roar without any additional sound effects. This audio variant is also present on the Itunes print of Mad Max (which features a new remastered 4k transfer sporting this and the 1970s AIP logo). The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug and 22 Jump Street have the opening theme to the film without the whooshes and projector sounds, just the roaring. Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters and Spectre have the opening theme of the movie with the whooshes and projector sounds and the roaring. G.I. Joe: Retaliation has the 2008 roar track. None for the still variant. A strange reverse plaster with the MGM/UA Home Video logo was found on a Portuguese dub of Exterminator 2. This can be seen here.

Availability: Common. The logo first appeared on the teaser trailer for the James Bond film Skyfall, and made its first appearance on Hope Springs (albeit in a shortened version). Appears on recent films such as Skyfall, The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, and Hansel & Gretel: Witch Hunters, among others. This also makes an appearance (in full) on Everything or Nothing: The Untold Story of James Bond and the MGM 90th Anniversary trailer promo. Starting with the DVD and Blu-ray release of RoboCop (2014), this is used as a de-facto home video logo. The full version can currently be seen on Shine's website. This also appears before the Orion logo on the 2013 remastered Blu-ray releases of The Terminator and the original RoboCop, and before the UA Ovoid on the 2016 remastered Blu-ray release of the International Version of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly.


Copyright Stamps: Here is some information about the copyright stamps on the MGM films: 1924-1938: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures (or Distributing) Corporation (with the MGM secondary logo at the center). To the left of the MGM secondary logo, the text "Controlled by LOEW'S INCORPORATED" appears. 1938-1960: Copyright © by Loew's, Incorporated. (MGM officially split from Loew's in 1959) 1960-1980, 1992-1996: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Inc. 1981-1982: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Film Co. (MGM Studios and MGM Grand divisions were split into two companies on May 30, 1980) 1982-1986: Copyright © by MGM/UA Entertainment Co. (MGM merged with United Artists on July 28, 1981) 1986: Copyright © by MGM Entertainment Co. (MGM split from United Artists when Ted Turner purchased the studio and then sold the remnants of MGM/UA back to Kerkorian) 1987-present: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Inc. 1991-1992: Copyright © by MGM-Pathé Communications Co. (MGM was acquired by Pathé in 1990) 1996-present: Copyright © by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc. (current copyright claimant of United Artists films) 1997-present: Copyright © by MGM/MCA (current copyright claimant of Lionsgate Films films) (MCA was revised and renamed as "MGM/MCA")